View

Ruby 1.8.7: Bundler crashes with "deadlock" and core dump

Error

deadlock 0x7f8a4160a360: sleep:- (main) - /home/me/.rbenv/versions/1.8.7-p375/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/bundler-1.14.3/lib/bundler/worker.rb:43
deadlock 0x7f8a38c03b08: sleep:-  - /home/me/.rbenv/versions/1.8.7-p375/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/bundler-1.14.3/lib/bundler/worker.rb:56
*** longjmp causes uninitialized stack frame ***: /home/me/.rbenv/versions/1.8.7-p375/bin/ruby terminated

… followed by a backtrace, memory map and more.

Fix

The culprit seems to be Bundler 1.14 when used with Ruby 1.8.7. [Downgrade to the maximu…

RSpec matcher to check if two numbers are the same

You can usually just use the eq matched to compare two numbers:

expect(deal.total).to eq(120)

If the actual value is a BigDecimal, you might have issues when you match it against a Float:

expect(deal.total_price).to eq(1200.99)

In these cases, try matching it against another BigDecimal:

expect(deal.total_price).to eq BigDecimal(1200.99)

If you don't like the syntax, our rspec_candy gem has a matcher that will compare Fixnums (integers), Floats and `BigDecima…

Repeats

Geordi hints

Reminder of what you can do with Geordi.

Note: If you alias Geordi to something short like g, running commands gets much faster!
Note: You only need to type the first letters of a command to run it, e.g. geordi dep will run the deploy command.

geordi deploy
Guided deployment, including push, merge, switch branches. Does nothing without confirmation.
geordi capistrano
Run something for all Capistrano environments, e.g. geordi cap deploy
geordi setup -t -l staging
When you just cloned a n…
Repeats

Google Analytics: Change the tracked URL path

By default, Google Analytics tracks the current URL for every request. Sometimes you will want to track another URL instead, for example:

  • When an application URL contains a secret (e.g. an access token)
  • When you want to track multiple URLs under the same bucket
  • When you want to track interactions that don't have a corresponding URL + request (e.g. a Javascript button or a PDF download)

Luckily the Analytics code snippet allows you to freely choose what path is being tracked. Simple change this:

ga('send', 'pageview');

… to th…

Sass: Don't put CSS rules into partials that you import multiple times

TLDR: When you put CSS rules into a partial and import that partial multiple times, the CSS rules will be duplicated in the compiled CSS.


Here is a Sass partial called _fonts.sass that contains both CSS rules and a mixin:

@font-face
  font-family: SuperType
  src: url('supertype.woff')
  
=title-font
  font-family: SuperType

This _fonts.sass is not practical in CSS projects that are organized over multiple files: When you…

Repeats

Git stash: Working with old Entries

First find the reference for the entry you want through looking at the stash:

$ git stash list
stash@{0}: WIP on feature/foo
stash@{1}: WIP on feature/bar
stash@{2}: WIP on fix/baz

Now you can simply use that reference, but curly braces must be escaped:

git stash pop stash@\{1\}

or quoted:

git stash apply "stash@{1}"

Quick reminder to [not shoot yourself in the foot](https://makandracards.com/makandra/634-use-the-git-stash-witho…

Error "undefined method last_comment"

This error message may occur when rspec gets loaded by rake, e.g. when you migrate the test database.

NoMethodError: undefined method 'last_comment' for #<Rake::Application:0x0055a617d37ad0>

Rake 11 removes a method that rspec-core < 3.4.4 depends on. To fix, lock Rake to < 11 in your Gemfile:

  gem 'rake', '< 11', # Removes a method that rspec-core < 3.4 depends on
Repeats

Ruby: Natural sort strings with Umlauts and other funny characters

Why string sorting sucks in vanilla Ruby

Ruby's sort method doesn't work as expected with German umlauts:

["Schwertner", "Schöler"].sort
=> ["Schwertner", "Schöler"] # you probably expected ["Schöler", "Schwertner"]

Also numbers in strings will be sorted character by character which you probably don't want:

["1", "2", "11"].sort
# => ["1", "11", "2"] # you probably expected ["1", "2", "11"]

Also the sorting is case sensitive:

["a", "B"].sort
# => ["B", "a"] # yo...

eventmachine 1.0.3 failing to install native extensions

Try updating to 1.0.4 right in the Gemfile.lock.

Repeats

Micro clearfix mixin for Sass

Clearfix is a hack to clear floating elements without additional HTML markup.

If you only need to support IE8 and above, a great clearfix with few side effects is:

=clearfix
  &:after
    content: ""
    display: block
    clear: both

This is a Sass mixin.

Issues clearing with display: table

You will find many clearfix solutions that clear with display: table instead:

=clearfix
  &:after
    content: ""
    display: table
    clear: both

The problem with th…

Repeats

Let the browser choose the protocol

Use protocol independent URLs whenever possible so that the browser will choose the protocol related to the protocol which the page is delivered with.

Example issues

  • When your page is delivered via https and you provide a youtube video only via http the most browsers (e.g. Firefox, Chrome) won't display the video.
  • When you deliver your youtube video via https://youtu.be/jyElDp98HdI your test which checks that the embeded video is rendered in the view will fail because your test server doesn't use https

Solution

Let your lin…

External contentRepeats

Things you probably didn’t know you could do with Chrome’s Developer Console

Collection of useful tools in the Chrome JavaScript console.

Make the whole page editable
This is not special to Chrome, but still a clever thing:
document.body.contentEditable=true 
Taking time
You can easily measure the time on the console with named timers:
console.time('myTime'); // Start timer
console.timeEnd('myTime'); // End timer and print the time
Reference previously inspected elements (from the Elements panel)
Variables $0, $1, … $n reference the nth-last inspected Element. $0 is the…
Repeats

Rails index route for resources named after uncountable substantives

Using uncountable resources is not recommended as it breaks Rails' magic, e.g. when using form_for. You'll always be better off using simple pluralizable resources.


Rails automatically creates path names for routes defined via the resource method. When you put resource 'user' into config/routes.rb, you can call users_path and get the path to the index action in the UsersController: /users.

However, if you have an uncountable resource like Sheep, you cannot access the index action via sheep_path, because it will…

How to install guard-livereload 2.5.2 on Ruby < 2.2.5

There are some inconvenient Gem dependencies. Resolve them by adding/modifying these lines in your Gemfile:

  gem 'guard-livereload', '>= 2.5.2', require: false # Fixes a security issue
  gem 'listen', '< 3.1' # 3.1 requires Ruby 2.2.5

It is not possible to install guard-livereload 2.5.2 on Ruby 1.8.7 because it depends on guard 2.8, which requires Ruby 1.9.

JSONP for Rails

The rack-contrib gem brings a JSONP middleware that just works™. Whenever a JSON request has a callback parameter, it will wrap the application's JSON response appropriately.

The project is a bit dated, but the JSONP middleware is ok.

Repeats

Coffeescript: Caveat when cloning objects with fat-arrow methods

Coffeescript allows you to create classes whose methods are automatically bound to the correct this. You can do this by using a fat arrow:

class Person

  constructor: (name) ->
    @name = name

  sayHello: =>
    alert("Hello, I am #{@name}")

An important caveat is that when you clone such an object, all of its methods are still bound to the original instance:

eve = new Person("Eve")
eve.sayHello() # => "Hello, I am Eve"
bob = _.clone(eve)
bob.name = "Bob"
bob.sayHello() # => "Hello, I am Eve"

I don't thin…

Repeats

Class methods in Coffeescript

How to define and call class methods in CoffeeScript classes:

class Foo

  @classMethod: => 
    @otherClassMethod()
  
  instanceMethod: =>
    @otherInstanceMethod()
    @constructor.classMethod()
External content

[jruby] TruffleRuby Status, start of 2017

TruffleRuby is an experimental Ruby implementation that tries to achieve ~10x performance over MRI.

This has been on our radar for a while. They seem to have made significant progress running Rails, reducing start-up time and becoming runtime-independent of the JVM.

Also see [Running Optcarrot, a Ruby NES emulator, at 150 fps with the GUI!](https://eregon.me/blog/2016/11/28/optcarrot.htm…

View
3280 cards