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Jasmine: Spy on value properties

Jasmine has spyOnProperty() Archive , but it only works if the property is implemented using getter and setter functions. This is a known limitation of Jasmine Archive .

If the mocked property is a simple value, it will not work:

const x = { foo: 1 }
console.log(x.foo) // 1
spyOnProperty(x, 'foo').and.returnValue(2)
// Throws: Error: <spyOnProperty> : Property foo does not have access type get

Below you can find a function `spyOnValuePr...

Caching in Rails < 6.1 may down parts of your application when using public cache control

Proxy caching is a good feature to serve your publicly visible application content faster and reduce load on your servers. It is e.g. available in nginx, but also affects proxies delivered by ISPs.

Unfortunately, there is a little problem in Rails < 6.1 when delivering responses for different MIME-types. Say you have an arbitrary route in your Rails application that is able to respond with regular HTML and JSON. By sending the specific MIME type in the Accept header, you tell the application to either return HTML (text/html) or JSON (`t...

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Nokogiri: How to parse large XML files with a SAX parser

In my case [...] the catalog is an XML that contains all kinds of possible products, categories and vendors and it is updated once a month. When you read this file with the Nokogiri default (DOM) parser, it creates a tree structure with all branches and leaves. It allows you to easily navigate through it via css/xpath selectors.

The only problem is that if you read the whole file into memory, it takes a significant amount of RAM. It is really ineffective to pay for a server if you need this RAM once a month. Since I don't need to n...

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New gem: Rack::SteadyETag

Rack::SteadyETag Archive is a Rack middleware that generates the same default ETag Archive for responses that only differ in CSRF tokens or CSP nonces.

By default Rails uses Rack::ETag Archive to generate ETag headers by hashing the response body. In theory this would enable caching Archive for multiple requests to the same resourc...

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Imagemagick: Batch resize images

Trick: Do not use convert but mogrify:

mogrify -resize 50% *

This overwrites the original image file.

In contrast, convert writes to a different image file. Here is an example if you need this:

cd /path/to/image/directory
for i in `ls -1 *jpg`; do convert -resize 50% $i "thumb_$i"; done
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How to send HTTP requests using cURL

  • Reading a URL via GET:

    curl http://example.com/
    
  • Defining any HTTP method (like POST or PUT):

    curl http://example.com/users/1 -XPUT
    
  • Sending data with a request:

    curl http://example.com/users -d"first_name=Bruce&last_name=Wayne"
    

    If you use -d and do not set an HTTP request method it automatically defaults to POST.

  • Performing basic authentication:

    curl http://user:password@example.com/users/1
    
  • All together now:

    curl http://user:password@example.com/users/1 -XPUT -d"screen_name=batman"
    

...

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Testing ActiveRecord callbacks with RSpec

Our preferred way of testing ActiveRecord is to simply create/update/destroy the record and then check if the expected behavior has happened.

We used to bend over backwards to avoid touching the database for this. For this we used a lot of stubbing and tricks like it_should_run_callbacks Archive .

Today we would rather make a few database queries than have a fragile test full of stubs.

Example

Let's say your User model creates a first Project on cr...

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Updated: Understanding z-index: it's about stacking contexts

There's now a dedicated CSS property for creating a new stacking context isolation: isolate Archive .

Spreewald 4.3.3 released

Field error steps

Spreewald's The ... field should have an error and The ... field should have the error ... steps now have built-in support for Rails and Bootstrap (v3-v5) error classes. When using Bootstrap, it is no longer necessary to overwrite the steps in your project.

At the same time, support for formtastic has been removed as there were no real use cases. Due to that, no breaking change was introduced, as the amount of users affected by this should be zero (it was neither in the documentation nor tested).

Users may now add...

Semantic HTML

Besides their default styling properties, HTML elements have a semantic meaning. For example, an h1 tag is usually styled with a larger font and bold, while it denotes "the single most important headline in its context".

While CSS enables us to style almost any HTML element like anything that is needed, choosing HTML elements corresponding to the meaning of their content has a few advantages:

  • HTML becomes a little clearer
  • Edge cases have already been considered and implemented:
    • Keyboard support (tabbing, arrow keys)
    • State...
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ActiveType 2.0 released

We released Active Type Archive 2.0 with breaking changes:

  1. Casting is prevented when the base record has changes in its already loaded associations, because those would be lost. Option force: true can be used to override this and still do the cast (this is not recommended).

  2. After casting, the base record will not be usable any more. The base record and the newly created casted record share state which is unexpected. Option force: true can be used to override this, so the base record is still usa...

Elasticsearch: recover from readonly mode

Elasticsearch defaults to go into readonly mode when you run low on disk space (< 95%). You might then see an error like this when you try to write to elastic:

Elasticsearch::Transport::Transport::Errors::Forbidden:
       [403] {"error":{"root_cause":[{"type":"cluster_block_exception","reason":"blocked by: [FORBIDDEN/12/index read-only / allow delete (api)];"}],"type":"cluster_block_exception","reason":"blocked by: [FORBIDDEN/12/index read-only / allow delete (api)];"},"status":403}

Even after freeing up space and restarting elas...

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JavaScript: Sharing content with the native share dialog

Mobile Chrome and Safari support the "web share API" which allow you to use the native share functionality of an Android or iOS phone. Some desktop OSs like Windows or MacOS also support native share dialogs. See Can I Use Archive for a detailed support matrix.

When clicking a share button using this API, the browser will automatically show all installed applications that support content sharing, such as Whatsapp, Facebook, Twitter, e-mail etc.

The API is extremely simple to use:

if ...
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Why your Cucumber feature loses cookies when run under Selenium

When your Cucumber feature seems to forget cookies / sessions when you run it with Selenium check if the test travels in time like here:

Given the date is 2017-10-20
When I sign in
Then I should see "Welcome!"

What happens here is that the Rails application serving pages runs in 2017, but the process running your Firefox or Webkit still lives today. This huge gap in time will expire most Cookies immediately.

If all you need is to freeze the time to a date, a workaround is to travel to the future instead.

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Understanding z-index: it's about stacking contexts

The CSS property z-index is not as global as you might think. Actually, it is scoped to a so-called "stacking context". z-indexes only have meaning within their stacking context, while stacking contexts are treated as a single unit in their parent stacking context. This means indices like 99999 should never actually be needed.

Creating a new stacking context

In order to create a stacking context with the least possible side effects, use the isolation Archive property on an...

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RSpec: Tagging examples and example groups

In RSpec you can tag examples or example groups with any tags you like simply by saying

describe ReportCreator, slow: true do
  # ..
end

describe ReportCreator do
  it 'generates reports', slow: true do
    # ...
  end
end

You can then only run examples with these tags.

rspec --tag slow
rspec -t slow

# Using the parallel_tests gem
rake "parallel:spec[,,--tag slow]"

Or you can run all examples except the ones with a certain tag:

rspec --tag ~slow # note the ~
rspec -t ~slow

# Using the parallel_tests gem
rake "par...
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