View

Thinkpad: Disable Bluetooth on start-up

Add the following to /etc/rc.local:

(sleep 3 && echo disable > /proc/acpi/ibm/bluetooth)&

Bluetooth icon will be active for a few seconds, then turn gray.

Repeats

Authorize allowed values with assignable_values

All our projects have enum-like requirements like this:

  • An attribute value must be included in a given set of values.
  • The list of allowed values must be retrievable in order to render <select> boxes.
  • Each value has a humanized label.
  • Sometimes there is a default value.

Most of the time, this requirement is also needed:

  • The list of assignable values depends on the user who is currently signed in.

In our past projects there are many different solutions for these related requirements, e.g. ChoiceTrait, methods like `available_…

External contentRepeats

CSS font metrics in detail

Line-height and vertical-align are simple CSS properties. So simple that most of us are convinced to fully understand how they work and how to use them. But it’s not. They really are complex, maybe the hardest ones, as they have a major role in the creation of one of the less-known feature of CSS: inline formatting context.

For example, line-height can be set as a length or a unitless value 1, but the default is normal. OK, but what normal is? We often read that it is (or should be) 1, or maybe 1.2, even the CSS spec is unclear on that…

Ruby and Rails deprecation warnings and how to fix them

Add deprecation warnings and their solution or link to available solutions.

Global access to Rake DSL methods is deprecated. Please include Rake::DSL into classes and modules which use the Rake DSL methods.

Open your Rakefile and add the following line above YourApp::Application.load_tasks:

YourApp::Application.class_eval do
  include Rake::DSL
end

Use of ole/file_system is deprecated. Use ole/storage (the file_system api is recommended and enabled by default)…

Repeats

sessionStorage: Per-window browser storage

All major browsers (IE8+, FF3.5+, Safari 4+, any Chrome) support sessionStorage, a JavaScript storage object that

  • survives page reloads and browser restores,
  • but is different per new tab/window (in contrast to localStorage which is shared across all tabs).

MDN says:

The sessionStorage object is most useful for hanging on to temporary data that should be saved and restored if the browser is accidentally refreshed

Demo

Example usage:

``` …

RubyMine: Better soft wraps

Sometimes your code has long lines:

describe 'foo' do
  describe 'bar' do
    really_long_line_really_long_line_really_long_line
    another_line

When you're working with multiple editor panes, such code will often be wider than the pane area:

describe 'foo' do                |
  describe 'bar' do              |
    really_long_line_really_long_|
    another_line                 |

To help with this you can activate Soft wraps in the RubyMine options under General → Editor .

Your code will now look like this:

```
des…

Repeats

Do not rescue inline in Ruby

When you are calling a method that may raise an exception that you don't care about, you might think of doing something like this:

@user = User.power_find(something) rescue User.new

Do not do that! You will be rescuing away StandardError and all its subclasses, like NameError – meaning that even a typo in your code won't raise an error.

Instead, rescue the exception type that you are expecting:

@user = begin
  User.power_find(something)
res...
Repeats

Beware of "nil" values in params

Recent rails security updates have shown that people make incorrect assumptions about the possible contents of the params hash.

Just don't make any! Treat it as what it is: potentially unsafe user input. For example:

/pages/edit?foo    --> params == {:foo => nil}
/pages/edit?foo[]  --> params == {:foo => [nil]} # at least in older rails 3 and in rails 2.x

Be especially wary about stuff like

User.find_by_password_reset_token(params[:password_reset_token])

If params[:password_reset_token] is nil, you'll retriev…

Getting error Bundler::Plugin::API::Source

Error: /home/.../ruby/gems/2.1.0/gems/bundler-1.14.3/lib/bundler/rubygems_ext.rb:45:in `full_gem_path': uninitialized constant Bundler::Plugin::API::Source (NameError)

Solution: Upgrade Rubygems beyond 2.6.9.

Deprecated

Properly require your "spec_helper"

Always use simply

require 'spec_helper'

If you mix it up like

require 'spec_helper'
require File.dirname(__FILE__) + '/../spec_helper'
require File.dirname(__FILE__) + '/../../spec_helper'
require File.expand_path('spec/spec_helper')

the file will be executed each time, since Ruby (at least 1.8) identifies it simply by the string you passed to "require".

External content

JavaScript Start-up Performance

As web developers, we know how easy it is to end up with web page bloat. But loading a webpage is much more than shipping bytes down the wire. Once the browser has downloaded our page’s scripts it then has to parse, interpret & run them. In this post, we’ll dive into this phase for JavaScript, why it might be slowing down your app’s start-up & how you can fix it.

The article author also tested 6000+ production sites for load times. Apps became interactive in 8 seconds on desktop (using cable) and 16 seconds on mobile (Moto G4 over 3G).

Repeats

Heads up: JavaScript does not like big numbers

In a JavaScript console, type this:

> 9112347935156469760
9112347935156470000

Ooops.

This occurs because JavaScript uses double precision floats to store numbers.

So according to IEEE floating point definition only numbers between -(2^53 - 1) (-9007199254740991) and 2^53 - 1 (9007199254740991) can safely be represented in JavaScript.

Note that ECMAScript 6 will probably also offer [Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference…

CSS tests and experiments

The pages listed here contain tests and experiments about features, possibilities, browsers’ bugs concerning CSS.

That is, over 200 experiments.

Repeats

Finding a method name on a Ruby object

Wondering how a specific method on an object is exactly named? You can use Enumerable#grep to detect it in the array of methods.

@user.methods.grep /name/ # => [:name, :first_name, :last_name]

You can also call #private_methods or #public_methods. To find only relevant methods, it is suggested to subtract generic methods like this:

User.methods - Object.methods
User.methods - ActiveRecord::Base.methods
@user.methods - Object.instance_methods
@user.methods - ActiveRecord::Base.instance_methods
Repeats

Simple database lock for MySQL

Note: For PostgreSQL you should use an alternative that doesn't require a database table. For MySQL we still recommend the solution in this card.


If you need to synchronize multiple rails processes, you need some shared resource that can be used as a mutex. One option is to simply use your existing (MySQL) database.

The attached code provides a database-based mutex for MySQL. You use it by simply calling

Lock....

Some useful vim settings

Below is a list of some VIM settings I find useful. You can add them to your .vimrc.

```plain
source $VIMRUNTIME/mswin.vim " adds Ctrl-X, Ctrl-C, Ctrl-V; block visual mode is now Ctrl-Q
behave mswin

set autowriteall " autosave all files when a buffer is closed

set backupdir=~/.temp " dont pollute local directory with swap file, backup files etc
set dir=~/.temp

set undofile " enable persistent undo
set undodir=~/.temp

set encoding=utf-8

How to get the currently selected text in Javascript

Simple:

window.getSelection().toString();

Browser support: IE9+, Android 4.3+, Safari 5+

View
3280 cards