3954 cards

Rails: Removing the cucumber-rails warning when setting cache_classes to false without Spring enabled

We are using Spring in our tests for sequential test execution but not for parallel test execution. And Rails requires you to set the config.cache_classes = false if you are using Spring in tests.

With our setup, this would raise the following error in cucumber-rails Archive for parallel test executions due to some legacy database cleaner issue.

WARNING: You have set Rails' config.cache_classes to false
    (Spring needs cache_classes set to false). This is known to cause probl...

Working on the Linux command line: How to use bookmarks for directories

Bookmarks for directories will be most helpful if you are forced to work in deeply nested projects. Then it's really helpful!

This makes use of the CDPATH variable. Similar to the PATH variable, which holds the list of directories which are searched for executables, CDPATH contains the list of directories that are available for cd. Besides the current directory (.), you can add others to that.

The trick is to add a directory for bookmarks to CDPATH.

First, create the directory with: mkdir ~/.bookmarks.

Then add the followin...


Working on the Linux command line: How to efficiently navigate up

With cd .. you can navigate one directory up from the one you are at now. If you use that a lot, consider some handy aliases.

Add the following lines to your ~/.bashrc:

alias ..="cd .."
alias ...="cd ../.."
alias ....="cd ../../.."
alias .....="cd ../../../.."
alias ......="cd ../../../../.."

you can add even more aliases, but I usually loose track after too many levels and just jump to the directly directly, e.g. using its absolute path or its bookmark (see [this card](https://makandracards.com/makandra/504947-working-on-the-li...


Working on the Linux command line: Use the `tree` command instead of repeated `cd` and `ls`

The tree command will show you the contents of a directory and all it's sub directories as a tree:

├── a
│   ├── file_1.txt
│   └── file_2.txt
└── b
    ├── c
    │   └── even_more.txt
    └── more.txt

3 directories, 4 files

If you have deeply nested directories, the output will be quite long though. To avoid that, you can limit the depth, e.g. tree -L 2 will only go 2 directories deep.

If you use that regularly, consider adding aliases for that to your ~/.bashrc:

alias tree2='tree -L 2'
alias tree3='tree -L 3'...

Working on the Linux command line: How to bash `cd` with autocorrect

There is an option you can set so that when using the cd command, small typos are automatically corrected. Add the following to your ~/.bashrc:

# cd: autocorrect small typos and use best guess
shopt -s cdspell 


>cd Porjects

Also, I recommend adding aliases for your most common typos of commands you regularly use to your ~/bashrc. Which ones that are is highly personal, for me it's e.g. tig:

alias tog='tig'
alias tug='tig'

The many gotchas of Ruby class variables

TLDR: Ruby class variables (@@foo) are dangerous in many ways. You should avoid them at all cost. See bottom of this card for alternatives.

Class variables are shared between a class hierarchy

When you declare a class variable, it is shared between this and all descending (inheriting) classes. This is rarely what you want.

Class variables are bound at compile-time

Like unqualified constants, class variables are bound to your current scope *whe...

Linked contentRepeats

Bash: Build and execute command lines on the fly with "xargs"

xargs is a powerful bash tool that can take input from $STDIN and pass it to a given command. I.e. you can do the following:

$> cat tmp/parallel_cucumber_failures.log

$> cat tmp/parallel_cucumber_failures.log | xargs geordi cucumber
# Running features
> Only: features/authentication.feature:33 features/backend/pages.feature:5 features/backend/pages.feature:60

Beside the linked article you might also be interested in reading ...


Using regular expressions in JavaScript

Regular expressions in Javascript are represented by a RegExp object. There also is a regex literal as in many other languages: /regex/. However, they are used slightly differently.

Regex literal

  • Usage: /foo+/
  • Shorthand for creating a regular expression object

RegExp() object

  • Usage: RegExp("foo+") or new RegExp("foo+")
  • No surrounding slashes required (they're the literal markers)
  • Since the argument is a string, backslashes need to be escaped as well: RegExp("\\d+")


  • Regex objects [never eq...
Linked content

Encrypting messages with age (alternative to PGP)

age is a simple, modern and secure file encryption tool, format, and Go library.
It features small explicit keys, no config options, and UNIX-style composability.

Generally we are happy with GPG for encrypting emails. In case you are not happy with the CLI of GnuPG, this might be a tool you can use under the hood for encryption.

Linked content

SSL for your local development environment

The linked tool mkcert Archive helps you to setup locally-trusted development certificates. We also have cards that describe how to use SSL in development with Passenger and Thin.

Unpoly 2: Don't try to download files through AJAX requests

Rails has the handy controller method send_file Archive which lets us download files easily. We can decide whether the file should be downloaded (disposition: 'attachment') or shown in the browser (disposition: 'inline'). The default is disposition: 'attachment'.

Downloading files will not work when you are calling the controller action from an AJAX request. The browser will try to render the file and insert it in the DOM, which is never what you want.

Unpoly 2

Unpoly (sin...


Webpack: How to avoid multiple versions of jQuery

To avoid multiple versions of a package, you can manually maintain a resolutions section in your package.json. We recommend you to do this for packages like jQuery. Otherwise the jQuery library attached to window might not include the functions of your packages that depend on jQuery.

Note: This is only an issue in case you want to use a package functionality from window e.g. $(...).datepicker() from your dev console or any other javascript within the application.


By default yarn will create a folder node_modules ...


How to define constants with traits

This is pretty much like defining subclasses through traits with the Modularity gem.

module MyConstantTrait
  as_trait do
    self::MY_CONSTANT = 'hello universe'

This would set MY_CONSTANT for any class using the trait.

Of course you can also use parameters (for logic or for setting values, like here):

module DoesValues
  as_trait do |*args|
    self::VALUES = args

class Foo
  include D...

Cucumber Factory: How to assign polymorphic associations

Cucumber factory Archive supports polymorphic associations out of the box. Just keep in mind that you need to use named associations for this purpose.

class Person < ApplicationModel
  has_many :buildings, inverse_of: :owner

class Company < ApplicationModel
  has_many :buildings, inverse_of: :owner

class Building < ApplicationModel
  belongs_to :owner, optional: true, polymorphic: true


Given there is a person with the name "Nice person"
  And there is a buildin...

Don't build randomness into your factories

Tests are about 100% control over UI interaction and your test scenario. Randomness makes writing tests hard. You will also push tests that are green for you today, but red for a colleague tomorrow.

That said, please don't do something like this:

Factory(:document) do |document|
  document.category { ['foo', 'bar', 'baz'].sample }

Instead do this:

Factory(:document) do |document|
  document.category 'foo'

The case against Faker

I even recommend to not use libraries like [Faker](http://...


Cucumber features as documentation

Cucumber allows for prose in features and scenarios. Example:

Feature: Cancel account

  There are several ways to cancel a user account. Admins need to 
  do it in complex cases, but normally, users can do it themselves.
  Scenario: User cancels his own account
    Users should be able to cancel an account themselves, so the 
    admins do not need to do it.
    Given a user account for "willy@astor.de"
    When I sign in as "willy@astor.de"
    And I follow "Cancel account"
    Then I should see "Account canceled"



You should probably load your JavaScript with <script defer>

It is generally discouraged to load your JavaScript by a <script src> tag in the <head>:

  <script src="app.js"></script>

The reason is that a <script src> tag will pause the DOM parser until the script has loaded and executed. This will delay the browser's first contentful paint Archive .

A much better default is to load your scripts with a <script src defer> tag:

  <script src="app.js" defer></script>

A deferred script has many useful properties:

  • I...
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