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WProofreader: How to manually enable for a WYSIWYG editor instance (with CKeditor 4 example)

WProofreader is a spelling and grammar checking tool that integrates with textareas and numerous WYSIWYG editors.
While it usually activates automatically, depending on your application, it may fail to boot.

In my case, an application was using CKEditor 4 and programmatically activated CKEditor. WProofreader's autoSearch logic failed to hook into that for some reason.

You can choose not to use its autoSearch feature, but explicitly enable WProofreader.
Here is a guide for CKEditor 4. It should apply to other WYSIWYG editors as well.

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Storing trees in databases

This card compares patterns to store trees in a relation database like MySQL or PostgreSQL. Implementation examples are for the ActiveRecord ORM used with Ruby on Rails, but the techniques can be implemented in any language or framework.

We will be using this example tree (from the acts_as_nested_set docs):

```text
root
|
+– Child 1
| |
| +– Child 1.1
| |
| +– Child 1.2
|
+– …

How to: Specify size of Selenium browser window

Applications often show or hide elements based on viewport dimensions, or may have components that behave differently (like mobile vs desktop navigation menus).
Since you want your integration tests to behave consistently, you want to set a specific size for your tests' browser windows.

Using WebDriver options / Chrome device metrics

For Google Chrome, the preferred way is setting "device metrics". This allows you to configure dimensions larger than your display and enable/disable touch behavior.

Simply use register_driver to set up…

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JavaScript: Testing the type of a value

Checking if a JavaScript value is of a given type can be very confusing:

  • There are two operators typeof and instanceof which work very differently.
  • JavaScript has some primitive types, like string literals, that are not objects (as opposed to Ruby, where every value is an object).
  • Some values are sometimes a primitive value (e.g. "foo") and sometimes an object (new String("foo")) and each form requires different checks
  • There are three different types for null (null, undefined and NaN) and each has different rules for…
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Linux: Shell script to easily update chromedriver

Updating Chromedriver is often a hassle: If you use chromium-chromedriver from the Ubuntu sources, it usually won't be updated when a new Chrome version is released. Manually downloading it from the official page is a very manual process. And I don't really want to use remote code like the "webdrives" gem because of paranoia.

Cry no more, for here is a tiny bash script that will download the latest chromedriver version and place it inside ~/bin. (If you use a different location, adjust accordingly).

```
#!/bin/bash

VERSION_URL="https:…

How to enable Chromedriver logging

When using Chrome for Selenium tests, the chromedriver binary will be used to control Chrome. To debug problems that stem from Selenium's Chrome and/or Chromedriver, you might want to enable logging for the chromedriver itself. Here is how.

Option 1: Use Selenium::WebDriver::Service

In your test setup, you may already have something like Capybara::Selenium::Driver.new(@app, browser: :chrome, options: ...), especially when passing options like device emulation.

Similar to options, simply add an extra key service and pass an ins…

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Updated: Events triggered by jQuery cannot be observed by native event listeners

Added two utility functions to convert an app from triggering jQuery events to emitting native events instead.

This is relevant when you want to write new code without jQuery, but still have legacy code or jQuery plugins that trigger pure jQuery events. If your entire app is written in jQuery and you don't plan to use native libraries (like modern Unpoly versions), this does not affect you.


Fixing your own code

If possible, change your code so it doesn't …

Bash script to list commits by Pivotal Tracker ID

The main benefit of our convention to prefix commits by their corresponding Pivotal Tracker ID is that we can easily detect commits that belong to the same story. You can either do that manually or use the bash script below by copying it somewhere to your .bashrc.

```bash
# Usage: ptcommits '#123456'
function ptcommits {
if test "$1"
then
git log –oneline | grep "$1" | grep "^[a-z0-9]*" -o | xargs –no-run-i…

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A community-curated list of flexbox issues and cross-browser workarounds for them

This repository is a community-curated list of flexbox issues and cross-browser workarounds for them. The goal is that if you're building a website using flexbox and something isn't working as you'd expect, you can find the solution here.

As the spec continues to evolve and vendors nail down their implementations, this repo will be updated with newly discovered issues and remove old issues as they're fixed or become obsolete. If you discover a bug that's not listed here, please report it so everyone else can benefit.

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Rails: namespacing models with table_name_prefix instead of table_name

When you want to group rails models of a logical context, namespaces are your friend. However, if you have a lot of classes in the same namespace it might be tedious to specify the table name for each class seperately:

class Accounting::Invoice < ApplicationRecord
  self.table_name = 'accounting_invoices'
  ...
end

class Accounting::Payment < ApplicationRecord
  self.table_name = 'accounting_payments'
  ...
end

A replacement for the self.table_name-assignment is the table_name_prefix in the module definition:

```
module Accou…

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Using CSS transitions

CSS transitions are a simple animation framework that is built right into browsers. No need for Javascript here. They're supported by all browsers.

Basic usage

Transitions are used to animate the path between to property values. For example, to let the text color fade from red to green on hover, the following SASS is used (shorthand syntax):

.element
  color: red
  transition: color .1s
  
  &:hover
    color: green

This tells the browser "whenever the color of an .element changes…

Haml: Prevent whitespace from being stripped in production

Disclaimer

This is not an issue in newer versions of HAML (starting with 5.0.0), as the ugly-option was removed so that in development everything is rendered ugly, too.

Problem

When HTML is rendered from HAML in production or staging environment, whitespace is removed to reduce the download size of the resulting pages. Therefore it might happen that whitespace you see in development is missing in production or staging.

Here is an example of two inlined bootstrap buttons in a t…

How to mount a legacy database to migrate data

There are many approaches out there how you can import data from a legacy application to a new application. Here is an approach which opens two database connections and uses active record for the legacy system, too:

1. Add you database information to you config/database.yml.

data_migration:
  database: your_application_data_migration

2. Create a separate application record for the data migration, e.g. in app/data_migration/migration_record.rb. You will need to create an app/data_migration.rb class first.

```
class DataMig…

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How to solve Selenium focus issues

Selenium cannot reliably control a browser when its window is not in focus, or when you accidentally interact with the browser frame. This will result in flickering tests, which are "randomly" red and green. In fact, this behavior is not random at all and completely depends on whether or not the browser window had focus at the time.

This card will give you a better understanding of Selenium focus issues, and what you can do to get your test suite stable again.

Preventing accidental interaction with the Selenium window ——————–…

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RSpec: How to define classes for specs

RSpec allows defining methods inside describe/context blocks which will only exist inside them.
However, classes (or any constants, for that matter) will not be affected by this. If you define them in your specs, they will exist globally. This is because of how RSpec works (short story: instance_eval).

describe Notifier do
  class TestRecord
    # ...
  end
  
  let(:record) { TestRecord.new }
  
  it { ... }
end

# TestRecord will exist here, outside of the spec!

This will come bite you at least when you try to define a clas…

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How to: Use git bisect to find bugs and regressions

Git allows you to do a binary search across commits to hunt down the commit that introduced a bug.

Given you are currently on your branch's HEAD that is not working as expected, an example workflow could be:

git bisect start # Start bisecting
git bisect bad # Tag the revision you are currently on (HEAD) as bad. You could also pass a commit's SHA1 like below:
git bisect good abcdef12345678 # Give the SHA1 of any commit that was working as it should
# shorthand:
git bisect start <bad ref> <good ref>

Git will fetch a comm…

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IE11 ignores calc() functions in the flex shorthand

Example (broken in IE):

flex: 0 1 calc(50% - 20px)

Workaround:

flex-basis: calc(50% - 20px)

flex-grow: 0 // Default, can be omitted for this example
flex-shrink: 1 // Default, can be omitted for this example
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Faking and testing the network with WebMock

An alternative to this technique is using VCR. VCR allows you to record and replay real HTTP responses, saving you the effort to stub out request/response cycles in close details. If your tests do require close inspection of requests and responses, Webmock is still the way.


WebMock is an alternative to FakeWeb when testing code that uses the network. You sh…

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