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Carrierwave reminder: always call model.save! after uploader.recreate_versions!

If your Carrierwave uploader dynamically generates the filename (e.g. by incorporating a user's name), you must call model.save! after recreating versions, because uploader.recreate_versions! does not update the model with the stored filename.

Repeats

How to organize monkey patches in Ruby on Rails projects

As your Rails project grows, you will accumulate a number of small patches. These will usually fix a bug in a gem, or add a method to core classes.

Instead of putting many files into config/initializers, I recommend to group them by gem in lib/ext:

```text
lib/
ext/
factory_girl/
mixin.rb
carrierwave/
change_storage.rb
fix_cache_ids.rb
sanitize_filename_characters.rb
ruby/
range/
covers_range.rb
array/
dump_to_excel.rb
xss_aware_join.rb
enumerable/

Repeats

How to iterate over an Enumerable, returning the first truthy result of a block ("map-find")

Ruby has Enumerable.find(&block), which returns the first item in the collection for which the block evaluates to true.

first_post_with_image = posts.find do |post|
  post.image
end

However, sometimes it's not the item you're interested in, but some value depening on it – e.g. the value the block evaluated to. You could first map the collection and then take the first truthy value, but this way you need to process the whole collection twice:

first_image_url = posts.map(&:image).find(&:present?).url

If the mapping …

JavaScript without jQuery (presentation from 2019-01-21)

Summary

  • We want to move away from jQuery in future projects
  • Motivations are performance, bundle size and general trends for the web platform.
  • The native DOM API is much nicer than it used to be, and we can polyfill the missing pieces
  • Unpoly 0.60.0 works with or without jQuery

Is jQuery slow?

```text
From: Sven
To: unpoly@googlegroups.com
Subject: performance on smartphones and tablets

Hello

I just used your framework in one project and must say,
I am really pleased with it – but only on a desktop computer.

Have you benchm…

Linked contentRepeats

Make your Rails console (and irb) output better readable

Pour color on your Rails console with awesome_print. Turn confusing long strings into formatted output. Have objects and classes laid out clearly whenever you need it.

Put gem 'awesome_print', :group => :development into your Gemfile. Now on the Rails console you have the command ap that will give you a colored, formatted output of whatever you pass it. See the example output of the User class below.

For customization visit the repository on Github.

![awesome_print.png](https://makan…

Carrierwave: Built-in resize methods

Carrierwave includes some handy helper methods you can use to resize your images. Here is a quick summary of them, if you need more details read the docs. You can also use all command line options from RMagick directly if these helpers are not good enough for you.

```
resize_to_limit(width, height)
resize_to_fit(width, height)
resize_to_fi…

Upgrading Ruby from 1.8.7 to 2.3.5

Suggested Workflow

Set the ruby version in .ruby-version to 2.3.5, then perform these steps one by one, fixing errors as they occur:

1) Update gems as listed below, and bundle
2) Boot a Rails console - see below for a list of changes you will probably need
3) Run Specs with --backtrace option
4) Run Cucumber features (with Geordi's --debug option)
5) When all tests are green, look through your Gemfile and remove as many version constraints as possible.
6) Boot the application in different environements to spot further issues, e…

Repeats

Copying validation errors from one attribute to another

When using virtual attributes, the attached trait can be useful to automatically copy errors from one attribute to another.

Here is a typical use case where Paperclip creates a virtual attribute :attachment, but there are validations on both :attachment and :attachment_file_name. If the form has a file picker on :attachment, you would like to highlight it with errors from any attribute:

class Note < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_attached_file :attachment
  validates_attachment_presenc...
Repeats

Building web applications: Beyond the happy path

When building a web application, one is tempted to claim it "done" too early. Make sure you check this list.

Different screen sizes and browsers

Desktops, tablets and mobile devices have all different screen resolutions. Does your design work on each of them?

  • Choose which browsers to support. Make sure the page looks OK, is usable and working in these browsers.
  • Use @media queries to build a responsive design
    • If you do not suppo…
Linked content

How to: expand an element's cover area beyond its container

Occasionally, your designer will hand you designs where elements break the layout's horizontal container width, like navigation buttons of a slider that should be at the left/right of the browser window, or simply by applying a background color that reaches until the left and right of the browser window.

In the past, we've done some horrible things to achieve that. Like margin: 0 -10000px plus overflow-x: hidden.
There is a much saner approach.

Consider the following markup:

```html

<div class="sec...

How to access before/after pseudo element styles with JavaScript

Accessing pseudo elements via JavaScript or jQuery is often painful/impossible. However, accessing their styles is fairly simple.

Using getComputedStyle

First, find the element in question.

let element = document.querySelector('.my-element') // or $('.my-element').get(0) when using jQuery

Next, use JavaScript's getComputedStyle. It takes an optional 2nd argument to filter for pseudo elements.

```javascript
let style = window.getComputedStyle(element, '::before')
let color = style.getPropertyValue('background-color…

Repeats

Don't forget: Automatically remove join records on has_many :through associations

Bad

# Given the following models

class Image < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :album_image
  has_many :albums, through: :album_images
end

class Album < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :album_image
  has_many :images, through: :album_images
end

# Join model
class AlbumImage < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :album
  belongs_to :image
end

Destroying a record in this setup will only remove the record itself, and leave orphaned join records behind.

```
image = Image.last
image.destroy # removes only the image record,

Fixing "identify: not authorized"

Ubuntu has decided to disable PDF processing because ImageMagick and the underlying Ghostscript had several security issues.

When your Ghostscript is up to date (and receiving updates regularly), you can safely reactivate PDF processing on your computer like this:

  1. Open /etc/ImageMagick-6/policy.xml
    • For older versions of Ubuntu (or possibly ImageMagick, the Path is /etc/ImageMagick/policy.xml
  2. Remove/Comment lines after <!-- disable ghostscript format types -->

If you need it enabled for an…

Linked content

Drawing diagrams with draw.io

draw.io is a web application that lets you draw flow charts and other diagrams. It works much nicer than office suite tools like LibreOffice Draw.

Its UI is easy to use: Simply drag and drop shapes or arrows from the left-hand side onto your sheet. Drag start/end of arrows to shapes to automatically connect them. You can add text to shapes by selecting them and typing. To add colors, select a shape and use the right-hand panel.

While you can, you don't need to store your charts online. "Offline" storage can be files…

An incomplete guide to migrate a Rails application from paperclip to carrierwave

In this example we assume that not only the storage gem changes but also the file structure on disc.

A general approach

Part A: Create a commit which includes a script that allows you to copy the existing file to the new file structure.

Part B: Create a commit which removes all paperclip logic and replace it with the same code you used in the first commit

Part A

Here are some implementation details you might want to reuse:

  • Use the existing models to read the files from
  • Use your own carrierwave models to write t…

Introduction to Google Tag Manager (for web developers who know Google Analytics)

As a web developer, you know Google Analytics (GA). Probably you've dropped the GA snippet into more than one website, maybe you've even used its Javascript API to implement tracking at the event level.

Google Tag Manager (GTM) is a related tool, but on a higher level and thus with much more power. GTM is not a replacement for GA. Rather, it can make GA configurable without changing anything in the application's code base (and much more beyond, see below).

Only prefer GTM if the customer requests it, or if he is updating his tracking r…

Repeats

Do not use transparent PNGs for iOS favicons

Safari on iOS accepts an apple-touch-icon favicon that is used for stuff like desktop bookmarks. Always define a solid background color for them.

If you use PNGs with a transparent background, Safari will use just set a black background on your pretty icon. This is almost never what you want.
You can fix that by applying a white background via ImageMagick like this:

convert a...
Repeats

Optimizing images for web

For webpages to load fast it's recommended to optimize images. Ideally an image's file size should be as small as possible while still being of decent quality. This card demonstrates two command line tools for image optimization

Use identify to fetch information about pictures. convert can change size/quality and strip meta information. Both commands are supplied by ImageMagick.

```text
$ identify in.jpg
in.jpg JPEG 294x440 294x440+0+0 8-bit sRGB 92.8KB 0.000u 0:00.000
$ convert in.jpg -resize x220 -strip -quality 85 out.jpg
$ identify…

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