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How to: expand an element's cover area beyond its container

Occasionally, your designer will hand you designs where elements break the layout's horizontal container width, like navigation buttons of a slider that should be at the left/right of the browser window, or simply by applying a background color that reaches until the left and right of the browser window.

In the past, we've done some horrible things to achieve that. Like margin: 0 -10000px plus overflow-x: hidden.
There is a much saner approach.

Consider the following markup:

```html

<div class="sec...
Linked content

Katapult 0.5.0 released

New Features

  • Deployment ready for Opscomplete
  • Copying view and controller templates over to target application during
    basics configuration or via new command katapult templates.
  • "Usage" section in README rewritten: Now describes two usage scenarios.

Improvements

  • Generating a fixed Gemfile.lock. Run bundle update after code generation to
    update all gems to recent versions.
  • Better deployment with Webpack
  • Navigation only rendered if requested
  • Some minor fixes
Linked content

jQuery: How to remove classes from elements using a regular expression

jQuery's removeClass removes the given class string from an element collection. If you want to remove multiple/unknown classes matching a given pattern, you can do that.

For example, consider a DOM node for the following HTML. We'll reference it by $element below.

<div class="example is-amazing is-wonderful"></div>

Option A: Selecting classes, then removing them

You can iterate over existing classes, and select matching ones. The example below is ES6, on ES5 could write something similar using jQuery.grep.

let classes ...
Repeats

A non-weird replacement for grouped_collection_select

Rails comes with grouped_collection_select that appears to be useful, but isn't.

As an alternative, consider the flat_grouped_collection_select found below. It takes a third argument that extracts the group from each element in the collection:

= form.flat_grouped_collection_select :user_id, users, :department, :id, :full_name

Here is the monkey-patch:

```
class ActionView::Helpers::FormBuilder

def flat_grouped_collection_select(fi…

Accessing Rails config in webpack(er)

It is possible to access Rails config (for example secrets) from within your webpack bundles, thanks to rails-erb-loader. When using webpacker, the setup is like this:

  1. Install rails-erb-loader:

    yarn add rails-erb-loader
    
  2. Add this to your config/webpacker/environment.js:

    environment.loaders.prepend('erb', {
      test: /\.erb$/,
      enforce: 'pre',
      use: [{
        loader: 'rails-erb-loader',
      }]
    })
    
  3. Start using erb. For examp…

Repeats

How to create memory leaks in jQuery

jQuery doesn't store information about event listeners and data values with the element itself. This information is instead stored in the global $.cache object. Every time you add an event listener or data value to a jQuery object, $.cache gains another entry.

The only way that a $.cache entry gets deleted is when you call remove() on the element that put it there!

Since cache entries also have a pointer back to the element that spawned them, it is easy to create DOM elements that can never be garbage-collected.

Below are …

Unpoly 0.57.0 released: New params API, compiler improvements and scrolling fixes

This is a major rewrite with many bugfixes, performance improvements and some minor breaking API changes.

Request parameters

To prevent confusion with [up-data], Unpoly now uses the word "params" when talking about form values or request parameters:

  • up.request() option { data } has been renamed to { params }.
  • up.replace() option { data } has been renamed to { params }.

Parameters may be passed in one of the following type…

Repeats

Take care of indentation and blank lines when using .erb for plain text emails

Building plain text emails with an .erb template doesn't allow you to indent code like you normally do in HTML mails.

DON'T

<%= 'foo' if bar %>

"\n" if bar is false

"foo\n" if bar is true


<%= nil %>

"\n"


<% if true %>
  <%= 'foo' %>
<% end %>  

" foo"


<%= 'foo' %>

<%= 'bar' %>

"foo\n\nbar\n"

DO

Write unindented code to get the expected result.

<% if bar %>
<%= 'bar' %>
<% end %>
<%= 'foo' %>
<%= 'bar' %> 
  • Use [Form Models](https://github.com/makandra…
Repeats

Debugging cucumber feature with javascript + firefox vnc

TL;DR Debugging problems with javascript errors in cucumber tests is sometimes easier in the browser. Run the test, stop at the problematic point (with Then pause from Spreewald 1.7+) and open VNC for Firefox.

Features:

Repeats

Everything you know about html_safe is wrong

Back in the war, Rails developers had to manually HTML-escape user-supplied text before it was rendered in a view. If only a single piece of user-supplied text was rendered without prior escaping, it enabled XSS attacks like injecting a <script> tag into the view of another user.

Because this practice was so error-prone, the rails_xss plugin was developed and later integrated into Rails 3. rails_xss follows a different approach: Instead of relying…

Linked contentRepeats

HTML file inputs support picking directories

HTML's <input type="file"> accepts a single file. You can allow multiple files via <input type="file" multiple>.
But sometimes, selecting multiple files is not enough and can be cumbersome for the user. Enter webkitdirectory:

<input type="file" webkitdirectory multiple>

Using webkitdirectory switches the browser's file picker to select a directory. All files inside that directory, and inside any nested subdirectories, will be selected for the file input.

This can be useful when users want to upload all files from a nested dire…

Linked contentRepeats

Do not use "flex: 1" or "flex-basis: 0" inside "flex-direction: column" when you need to support IE11

Flexbox is awesome. Most of it even works in IE11, but flex: 1 won't work reliably in Internet Explorer.
This it because implicitly sets flex-basis: 0 which IE fails to support properly.

Example

Consider the following HTML and CSS.

<div class="container">
  <div class="child">
    foo
  </div>
  <div class="bar">
    bar
  </div>
</div>
.container {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
}

.child {
  flex: 1;
}

See it in action at Plunker.

Background

Repeats

Project management best practices: The story tracker

In general, the tracker should always be the definitive source of truth of what needs to be done as part of a project. If you identify a task that needs to be done, you should create a story. If you learn something that contradicts an existing story, change it.

The tracker can contain two types of stories: Developer stories, and non-developer stories.

Non-developer stories

Non-developer stories should be clearly marked. They usually belong to the PM (or maybe people from the operations team). Those story can take all forms, could just…

Repeats

HTML forms with multiple submit buttons

Most forms have a single submit button that will save the record when pressed.

Sometimes a form needs additional submit buttons like "accept" or "reject". Such buttons usually attempt a state transition while updating the record.

To process a form with multiple buttons, your server-side code will need to know which button was pressed. To do so you can give each submit button a different [formaction] attribute. This will override the …

RepeatsDeprecated

Trigger native mouse events with Javascript

The attached Coffeescript helper will let you create mouse events:

$element = $('div')
Trigger.mouseover($element)
Trigger.mouseenter($element)
Trigger.mousedown($element)
Trigger.mouseup($element)
Trigger.mouseout($element)
Trigger.mouseleave($element)
Trigger.click($element)

The dispatched events are real DOM events, which will trigger both native and jQuery handlers.
jQuery's .trigger is simpler, but will only trigger event handlers that were bound by jQuery's .on.

Real user actions t…

Chrome bug: Wrong stacking order when transitioning composited elements

Google Chrome has a subtle rendering bug that hits me once in a while. It usually occurs in sliders with HTML content.

The issue

When a slider contains a composited[1] element, the element will overlap any other element when sliding, being rendered as frontmost element. After the slider has settled, stacking order jumps back to normal.

It seems like Chrome is doing its compositing wrong. This doesn't happen in Firefox.

The cause

The issue only occurs if:

  • two elements A and B are nested inside an element C
  • A overlaps B (part…

Haml: Generating a unique selector for an element

Having a unique selector for an element is useful to later select it from JavaScript or to update a fragment with an Unpoly.

Haml lets you use square brackets ([]) to generate a unique class name and ID from a given Ruby object. Haml will infer a class attribute from the given object's Ruby class. It will also infer an id attribute from the given object's Ruby class and #id method.

This is especially useful with ActiveRecord instances, which have a persisted #id and will hence **generate the same selector o…

Haml: Prefixing a group of attributes

Haml lets you prefix a group of attributes by wrapping them in a hash. This is only possible with the {} attribute syntax, not with the () attribute syntax.

Example: HTML5 data attributes

HTML5 allows you to use arbitrary attributes like data-method and data-confirm. You can prefix a group of data- attributes like this:

%a{href: '/path', data: { method: 'delete', confirm: 'Really delete?' }} Label

This compiles to:

<a data-confirm='Really delete?' data-method='delete' href='/path'>Label</a>

Exa…

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