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Howto: Require gem that is not in Gemfile

Example: Require awesome_print in the console while it is not in Gemfile or .gemspec.

require 'awesome_print' => LoadError: cannot load such file -- awesome_print

gem install 'awesome_print'

$: << `/home/xxx/.rvm/rubies/ruby-x.x.x/lib/ruby/x.x.x/gems/awesome_print-x.x.x/lib`
require 'awesome_print' => true

Note: To find out the path quickly just look at $: to get the base path of your ruby dir and then append the gem with version of the output of gem install.


Alternatives:
Adding the gem to the developme...

How to view Image Metadata on the Linux Command Line with ImageMagick

ImageMagick has a command line tool called identify which can read image metadata:

>identify -verbose DSC00136.JPG
Image: DSC00136.JPG
  Format: JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group JFIF format)
  Class: DirectClass
  Geometry: 5472x3648+0+0
  Resolution: 350x350
  Print size: 15.6343x10.4229
  Units: PixelsPerInch
  Type: TrueColor
  Endianess: Undefined
  Colorspace: sRGB
  Depth: 8-bit
  Channel depth:
    red: 8-bit
    green: 8-bit
    blue: 8-bit
  Channel statistics:
    Red:
      min: 0 (0)
      max: 255 (1)
      mean: 11...

Bundler: Gemfile.lock is corrupt & gems are missing from the DEPENDENCIES section

So you're getting this failure when running bundle install on an older project:

Your Gemfile.lock is corrupt. The following gems are missing from the DEPENDENCIES section: 'archive-tar-minitar' 'hoe' 'rcov'

This happens when you are using a new version of Bundler with a project that was bundled with a very old version of Bundler. For reasons unknown, the Bundler dependency API returns different dependencies for some gems (like ruby-debug or rainpress) than the dependencies found in the downloaded gemspecs. While old versi...

Repeats

Invoices: How to properly round and calculate totals

While it might seem trivial to implement an invoice that sums up items and shows net, gross and vat totals, it actually involves a lot of rules and caveats. It is very easy to create invoices where numbers don't add up and a few cents are missing. A missing cent is a big deal for an accountant, so it is important for your invoices to list correct numbers.

Note that this is not legal advice. Also note that while this note has a number of code examples in Ruby and MySQL, the concepts apply to all programming languages and data stores.

When ...

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AngularJS Cheat Sheet (PDF)

This cheat sheet ... aims at providing a quick reference to
the most commonly used features in AngularJS.

Testing terminal output with RSpec

When testing Ruby code that prints something to the terminal, you can test that output.
Since RSpec 3.0 there is a very convenient way to do that.

Anything that writes to stdout (like puts or print) can be captured like this:

expect { something }.to output("hello\n").to_stdout

Testing stderr works in a similar fashion:

expect { something }.to output("something went wrogn\n").to_stderr

Hint: Use heredoc to test multi-line output.

expect { something }.to output(<<-MESSAGE.strip_heredoc).to_stdout...
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Bitmap to Vector Converter

Automatically convert bitmap images like JPEGs, GIFs and PNGs to the crisp, clean, scalable vector art of EPS, SVG, and PDF with the world's best auto-tracing software.

It's true, it does a great job.

Linux: Manipulate PDF documents

Here are some tools that are useful to manipulate PDF documents under Linux/Ubuntu:

Xournal (Ubuntu 14.04+)
: Add text, add images, add hand-written notes. No geometrical shapes.

uPdf (old Ubuntus)
: Add text, add images, add geometrical shapes. Horrible GUI, but works some of the time.

PDF-Shuffler
: Graphical GUI to reorder pages, remove pages, rotate pages, add pages.

pdftk
: Command ...

netstat: Sum open connections by IP (and sort it)

The following sums up all connections (ESTABLISHED, TIME_WAIT, FIN_WAIT, etc.) and sorts it:

netstat -n | awk ' $5 ~ /^[0-9]/ {print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n

Works on FreeBSD and Linux.

Geordi 1.3 released

Changes:

  • Geordi is now (partially) tested with Cucumber. Yay!
  • geordi cucumber supports a new @solo tag. Scenarios tagged with @solo will be excluded from parallel runs, and run sequentially in a second run
  • Support for Capistrano 2 AND 3 (will deploy without :migrations on Capistrano 3)
  • Now requires a .firefox-version file to set up a test firefox. By default now uses the system Firefox/a test Chrome/whatever and doesn't print warnings any more.
  • geordi deploy --no-migrations (aliased -M): Deploy with `cap ...

bash: print columns / a table

Ever wondered how you can create a simple table output in bash? You can use the tool column for creating a simple table output.

Column gives you the possibility to indent text accurate to the same level. Pipe output to column -t (maybe configure the delimeter with -s) and see the magic happening.

detailed example

I needed to separate a list of databases and their corresponding size with a pipe symbol: |
Here is a example list.txt:

DB	Size_in_MB
foobar	11011.2
barfoo	4582.9
donkey	4220.8
shoryuken	555.9
hadouken	220.0
k...
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find out which processes using swap

Wondering which processes are placed in your swap you can use this bash oneliner:

for file in /proc/*/status ; do awk '/VmSwap|Name/{printf $2 " " $3}END{ print ""}' $file; done | sort -k 2 -n -r

You will see the swap usage of each process sorted by the highes amount of swap usage.

Please don't forget that swap usage of a process isn't an indicator for high memory usage of this process but for the frequency of access or activity of it. The kernel tries to avoid swapping pages which were recently accessed.

Also you should notic...

Linked content

start tcpdump log on high traffic

Logging tcpdump output all the time can create a huge amount of data. This can be both: too much data size on HDD and tiring to analyze. You can run a script in a screen which checks out the packages transfered per second and start a tcpdump when the packages exceed a fixed number.

#!/usr/bin/env bash

interface=eth0
dumpdir=/tmp/
packet_threshold=5000
log_packets=100000

while /bin/true; do
  pkt_old=`grep $interface: /proc/net/dev | cut -d :  -f2 | awk '{ print $2 }'`
  sleep 1
  pkt_new=`grep $interface: /proc/net/dev | cut -d :  -f...

Sending TCP keepalives in Ruby

When you make a simple TCP connection to a remote server (like telnet), your client won't normally notice when the connection is unexpectly severed on the remote side. E.g. if someone would disconnect a network cable from the server you're connected to, no client would notice. It would simply look like nothing is being sent.

You can detect remote connection loss by configuring your client socket to send TCP keepalive signals after some period of inactivity. If those signals are not acknowledged by the other side, your client will terminat...

Linked content

How to repair a corrupt PDF

If you have issues with PDFs, fix them like this: pdftk <corrupted_file>.pdf output <fixed_file>.pdf

Background

I had an issue where an included PDF would not show up in a document created with xelatex. This is the relevant line of LaTeX code:

  \AddToShipoutPicture*{ \includegraphics[width=21cm]{/home/dominik/code/ihero/public/system/stationery/original/stationery.pdf} }

The included PDF is a stationery for invoices which users can upload themselves. It did work until someone updated their stationery with a nearly-iden...

whenever: Preview the crontab

If you'd like to preview the crontab that whenever will deploy, run the following:

bundle exec whenever

This will print the cron syntax without modifying your local crontab.

Parallel Rspec with RTeX

Running projects parallel makes some trouble with PDF generation. Use geordi rspec spec to force sequential tests for the whole application or failed specs only.


geordi rspec
RTeX::Document::GenerationError in '...'
Could not find result PDF document.pdf after generation.
Check .../document.log

The document will show you, that RTeX tries to generate a PDF document out of a HTML file, which won't work.

Make timestamp of dmesg in Ubuntu human readable

dmesg shows the kernel ring buffer containing low-level system messages.
Per default, dmesg shows a timestamp:

12:59:26 fnordomator ~ > dmesg | tail
[101925.211846] usb 2-1.1: USB disconnect, device number 16
[110486.855788] usb 2-1.1: new high-speed USB device number 17 using ehci_hcd

If you're a human, use dmesg -T to print the timestamp human readable:

12:59:31 fnordomator ~ > dmesg -T | tail
[Di Apr 21 12:43:16 2015] usb 2-1.1: USB disconnect, device number 16
[Di Apr 21 15:05:57 2015] usb 2-1.1: new hig...
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