Read more

Dumping and importing from/to MySQL in an UTF-8 safe way

Avatar
Henning Koch
August 26, 2010Software engineer at makandra GmbH

In a nutshell: to avoid your shell character set from messing with imports, use -r to export and SOURCE when importing.

Dumping safely

# Do not do this, since it might screw up encoding
mysqldump -uroot -p database > utf8.dump # this is bad
Illustration web development

Do you need DevOps-experts?

Your development team has a full backlog? No time for infrastructure architecture? Our DevOps team is ready to support you!

  • We build reliable cloud solutions with Infrastructure as code
  • We are experts in security, Linux and databases
  • We support your dev team to perform
Read more

Better do:

mysqldump -uroot -p database -r utf8.dump

Note that when your MySQL server is not set to UTF-8 you need to do mysqldump --default-character-set=latin1 (!) to get a correctly encoded dump. In that case you will also need to remove the SET NAMES='latin1' comment at the top of the dump, so the target machine won't change its UTF-8 charset when sourcing.

If you only want to dump the structure without data, use

mysqldump -uroot -p --no-data database -r utf8.dump

Importing a dump safely

# Do not do this, since it might screw up encoding
mysql -u username -p database < dump_file # this is bad

Better do:

mysql -uroot -p --default-character-set=utf8mb4 database
mysql> SET names 'utf8'
mysql> SOURCE utf8.dump
Posted by Henning Koch to makandra dev (2010-08-26 22:37)