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How to fix a corrupt git index

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Arne Hartherz
February 08, 2012Software engineer at makandra GmbH

If your git index for some reason becomes invalid, no need to worry.

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Your index is corrupt when you see this error running usual git commands like git pull, git status, etc.:

error: bad index file sha1 signature
fatal: index file corrupt

Though it sounds bad, your changes are still there. Fix it by first removing the index file, then resetting the branch:

rm .git/index
git reset

You should be all good now.

To be safe, make a backup of .git/index before you delete it.

Posted by Arne Hartherz to makandra dev (2012-02-08 11:38)