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The HTML5 video element

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# Basic HTML example <video poster="preview_image.png" controls> <source src="or_here.webm" type="video/webm" /> <source src="alternative_if_browser_cant_pay_first_source.mp4" type="video/mp4" /> <track src="optional_subtitles.vtt" kind="subtitles" srclang="de" label="Deutsch" default> </video> # Javascript API (notable methods and properties) video = document.querySelector('video') video.play() video.pause() video.load() // Reset to the beginning and select the best available source video.currentSrc // The selected source video.currentTime // The current playback time (in seconds) video.ended // Whether the video has finished video.muted video.paused video.readyState // See comments video.volume

Comments

  • controls makes the browser show its own video controls
  • The image given in poster will be shown before the video was loaded/has started (and if the video cannot be loaded at all).
  • The browser will play the first source it can play (some video types are not supported in every browser). The video can also be given as src on the video element; however, this excludes the handy fallback mechanism.
  • The track element can be used to add either captions, subtitles, chapters, descriptions or similar metadata.
  • If the video has not started to play and has not been seeked, currentTime is the video's initial playback time. Setting this value seeks to the new time.
  • readyState returns a value in [0:4] indicating its state.

Caveats

  • On iOS, the video.preload attribute is ignored. iOS seems to always load the full video once it has a src.
  • When creating a video element with document.createElement('video'), setting the muted attribute will not mute the video! Use video.muted = true instead.

Resources

Full Documentation on the video element

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Dominik Schöler
Last edit:
1 day ago
by Dominik Schöler
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Posted by Dominik Schöler to makandra dev
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