It's OK to put block elements inside an <a> tag
In general, you should not put a block element inside an inline element. So don't do this:
<span> <div>text</div> </span>
The browser will think you wrote invalid HTML by accident, and will sometimes reorder elements silently.
There is one notable exception: It's OK to wrap block elements in a
<a> tag in HTML5 (not 4). The spec says:
The a element may be wrapped around entire paragraphs, lists, tables, and so forth, even entire sections, so long as there is no interactive content within (e.g. buttons or other links).
So feel free to use a single
<a> link to make a series of block elements clickable:
<a href="/foo"> <h1>title</h1> <p>text</p> </a>
History of this exception
The XHTML 2 spec allowed most elements could have an
href attribute. When XHTML 2 was abandoned in 2009 in favor of HTML 5, people wanted to bring over this feature to HTML 5, at least in some form. In the spirit of HTML 5, a pragmatic solution was chosen.