Posted over 1 year ago. Visible to the public. Repeats.

Your browser might silently change setTimeout(f, 0) to setTimeout(f, 5)

When you're nesting setTimeout(f, 0) calls, your browser will silently increase the delay to 5 milliseconds after the fourth level of nesting. This is called "timeout clamping".

Deeply nested setTimeout can happen when you're using a non-native Promise polyfill with long chains of then calls.
The native Promise implementation (Can I use link) uses microtasks and is thus not subject to timeout clamping.

If you need short nested timeouts, you can use an setImmediate polyfill. This employs various hacks to give you access to the microtask queue.

Measuring timeout clamping

Here is a deeply nested setTimeout call:

Copy
var start = Date.now(); function printElapsed() { var now = Date.now(); console.log(now - start); } setTimeout(function() { printElapsed(); setTimeout(function() { printElapsed(); setTimeout(function() { printElapsed(); setTimeout(function() { printElapsed(); setTimeout(function() { printElapsed(); setTimeout(function() { printElapsed(); setTimeout(function() { printElapsed(); setTimeout(function() { printElapsed(); setTimeout(function() { printElapsed(); setTimeout(function() { printElapsed(); setTimeout(function() { printElapsed(); }, 0); }, 0); }, 0); }, 0); }, 0); }, 0); }, 0); }, 0); }, 0); }, 0); }, 0);

This yields the following messages:

Copy
2 3 5 6 11 16 20 25 29 33 38

Observe how after 6 the time difference jumps from 2 to 5 milliseconds.

Once an application no longer requires constant development, it needs periodic maintenance for stable and secure operation. makandra offers monthly maintenance contracts that let you focus on your business while we make sure the lights stay on.

Author of this card:

Avatar
Henning Koch
Last edit:
over 1 year ago
by Henning Koch
Keywords:
async, asynchronous
About this deck:
We are makandra and do test-driven, agile Ruby on Rails software development.
License for source code
Posted by Henning Koch to makandropedia