Case sensitivity in PostgreSQL
PostgreSQL, unlike MySQL, treats strings as case sensitive in all circumstances.
- comparison with
- collision detection in unique indexes
Usually this is fine, but some strings (like emails and usernames) should typically be treated as case insensitive.
There are a few workarounds available:
- use the (not recommended)
- use Postgres'
- add an index on
Probably the best approach is to just convert emails (and usernames) to lowercase within Rails. Popular authentication libraries (like Clearance and Devise) already do this for you.