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How to fix: "unexpected token" error for JSON.parse

When using the json gem, you might run into this error when using JSON.parse:

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>> json = 'foo'.to_json >> JSON.parse(json) JSON::ParserError: 757: unexpected token at '"foo"' from /.../gems/json-1.7.7/lib/json/common.rb:155:in `parse' from /.../gems/json-1.7.7/lib/json/common.rb:155:in `parse' from (irb):1

Why?

The error above happens because the JSON you supplied is invalid.

While to_json does work correctly, the result itself is not JSON that can be parsed back, as that string element is not inside an object like a hash (i.e. JSONObject) or array.

How to fix it

So, in order to fix that, use a valid object to build JSON from, e.g. an array:

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>> JSON.parse([ 'foo' ].to_json).first => "foo"

When you do that, remember to select the record from the array after parsing (e.g. via first).

How to work around the problem

If you can't control the input, you may use the quirks_mode option to work around the issue:

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>> json = 'foo'.to_json >> JSON.parse(json, :quirks_mode => true) => "foo"

Prefer using to_json on objects that can be parsed back over this workaround.

Does your version of Ruby on Rails still receive security updates?
Rails LTS provides security patches for old versions of Ruby on Rails (3.2 and 2.3).

Author of this card:

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Arne Hartherz
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We are makandra and do test-driven, agile Ruby on Rails software development.
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Posted by Arne Hartherz to makandropedia