Posted about 10 years ago. Visible to the public. Repeats.

Merging two arbitrary ActiveRecord scopes

Rails 3+ allows you to join two scopes from arbitrary sources by calling the merge method:

scope1 = User.where(:email => '') scope2 = User.where(:first_name => 'hans') merged_scope = scope1.merge(scope2)

merged_scope.to_a will now trigger a query for the combined scope chain:

SELECT `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`email` = '' AND `users`.`first_name` = 'hans'

If you are joining two models, you can also merge scopes for different models (old blog post, card.

Also note that #merge has a bug in Rails 3.x where merging two scopes with conditions on the same column will discard all by the last condition. This bug is fixed in our forks).

This is nice for nested resources

Assume a model where a deal has many documents:

class Deal < ApplicationRecord has_many :documents end class Document < ApplicationRecord belongs_to :deal end

You also have a Consul power that specifies which deals documents are accessible by a user:

class Power include Consul::Power ... power :deals do Deal.where(author_id: end power :documents do if admin? Document.all else Document.where(visibility: 'public') end end end

In our routes.rb we have defined a resource to list all documents:

resources :documents, only: :index

Here is a DocumentsController that respects the authorization rules from our Consul power:

class DocumentsController < ApplicationController def index @documents = current_power.documents end end

Now we get a new requirement: There should also be a screen to list documents pertaining to a given deal.

To implement this, we nest a :documents resource into our existing :deals resource:

resources :documents, only: :index resources :deals do resources :documents, only: :index, controller: 'deal/documents' end

This creates a routing helper that take a deal argument:

deal = Deal.find(5) deals_path # => /deals deal_path(deal) # => /deals/5 deal_documents_path(deal) # => /deals/5/documents

When we implement DealDocumentsController we must filter the document list by two conditions:

  • Only show documents pertaining to the given deal (Deal#documents)
  • Only show documents that the user is allowed to see (`Power#documents)

We can use the #merge method to combine both conditions:

class DealDocumentsController < ApplicationController def index @deal =[:deal_id]) @documents = current_power.documents.merge(@deal.documents) end end
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Owner of this card:

Henning Koch
Last edit:
6 days ago
by Henning Koch
chain, rails, relation
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Posted by Henning Koch to makandra dev
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