In the Terminal app:
$ defaults write com.apple.dashboard mcx-disabled -boolean true
Then, just kill the currently running Dashboard process (called from the Dock app)
$ killall Dock
And voilà, done!
On MacOSX (Mountain) Lion, there is no way to turn IPv6 off using the Network settings.
If you don't know the exact interface name you want to turn IPv6 off, list all of them using:
Most of the time, you can just use the following commands for Ethernet and Wifi interfaces:
networksetup -setv6off Ethernet
networksetup -setv6off Wi-Fi
To enable again, use:
networksetup -setv6on Ethernet
networksetup -setv6on Wi-Fi