Dealing with I18n::InvalidPluralizationData errors

When localizing model attributes via I18n you may run into errors like this:

I18n::InvalidPluralizationData: translation data {...} can not be used with :count => 1. key 'one' is missing.

They seem to appear out of the blue and the error message is more confusing than helpful.

The problem

When you run into this, you probably introduced a new model that has attributes like these:

class User < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :posts

class Post < ApplicationRecord
belongs_to :user
validates :user, presence: true …


Ruby: A small summary of what return, break and next means for blocks


  • Use return to return from a method. return accepts a value that will be the return value of the method call.
  • Use break to quit from a block and from the method that yielded to the block. break accepts a value that supplies the result of the expression it is “breaking” out of.
  • Use next to skip the rest of the current iteration. next accepts an argument that will be the result of that block iteration.

The following method will serve as an example in the details below:

def example(&block)

JavaScript bookmarklet to click an element and copy its text contents

Here is some JavaScript code that allows you to click the screen and get the clicked element's text contents (or value, in case of inputs).

The approach is simple: we place an overlay so you don't really click the target element. When you click the overlay, we look up the element underneath it and show its text in a browser dialog. You can then copy it from there.

It will also highlight the clicked element.

Here is the one-liner URL that you can store as a bookmark. Place it in your bookmarks bar and click it to activate.


Custom Ruby method Enumerable#count_by (use for quick statistics)

I frequently find myself needing a combination of group_by, count and sort for quick statistics. Here's a method on Enumerable that combines the three:

module Enumerable
  def count_by(&block)
    list = group_by(&block)
      .map{ |key, items| [key, items.count] }

The new method returns a Hash of key => count pairs.

Usage examples

Number of email addresses by domain:

> User.all.count_by { |user| /^.*@/, '' }
=> { ""=>2, …, "yahoo.c…


Rspec: around(:all) and around(:each) hook execution order


  • around(:suite) does not exist.
  • around(:all) runs after before(:all) and before after(:all).
  • around(:each) runs before before(:each) and after after(:each).

As this is not 100% obvious (and not yet documented) it is written down in this card. In RSpec 3 :each has the alias :example and :all the alias :context.


RSpec.configure do |config|
config.before(:suite) { puts 'BEFORE :suite' }
config.after(:suite) { puts 'AFTER :suite' }

describe 'order of hook execution' do

External contentRepeats

Using pure Sass functions to make reusable logic more useful - Advanced

Functions and mixins are very similar in nature. Because they can both accept variables, you might end up creating a mixin when what you really need is a function.


In MySQL, a zero number equals any string

In MySQL comparing zero to a string 0 = "any string" is always true!

So when you want to compare a string with a value of an integer column, you have to cast your integer value into a string like follows:

SELECT * from posts WHERE CAST(posts.comments_count AS CHAR) = '200' 

Of course this is usually not what you want to use for selecting your data as this might cause some expensive database operations. No indexes can be used and a full table scan will always be triggered.

If possible, cast the compared value in your application to…

Postgres: How to force database sessions to terminate

If another session is accessing your database you are trying to reset or drop you might have seen the following error:

PG::ObjectInUse: ERROR:  database "foo_development" is being accessed by other users
DETAIL:  There is 1 other session using the database.

This could be the rails server, rubymine and many more. Beside terminating the session connection manually you can also find out the pid and kill the process.

1. rails db
2. SELECT * FROM pg_stat_activity;

datid | 98359
datname | foo_developm…


Using regular expressions in JavaScript

Regular expressions in Javascript are represented by a RegExp object. There also is a regex literal as in many other languages: /regex/. However, they are used slightly differently.

Regex literal

  • Usage: /foo+/
  • Shorthand for creating a regular expression object

RegExp() object

  • Usage: Regexp("foo+") or new RegExp("foo+")
  • No surrounding slashes required (they're the literal markers)
  • Since the argument is a string, backslashes need to be escaped as well: RegExp("\\d+")


  • Regex objects [never eq…
External content

Async/Await Will Make Your Code Simpler

Sometimes modern Javascript projects get out of hand. A major culprit in this can be the messy handling of asynchronous tasks, leading to long, complex, and deeply nested blocks of code. Javascript now provides a new syntax for handling these operations, and it can turn even the most convoluted asynchronous operations into concise and highly readable code.

Vagrant: create entry for box in .ssh/config

If you want to ssh into your vagrant box without switching into the project directory and typing vagrant ssh, you can also create an entry directly in ~/.ssh/config. This will allow you to use ssh <my-box> from anywhere. Simply paste the information provided by vagrant ssh-config to your ~/.ssh/config-File: vagrant ssh-config >> ~/.ssh/config


$ vagrant ssh-config
Host foobar-dev
User vagrant
Port 2200
UserKnownHostsFile /dev/null
StrictHostKeyChecking no
PasswordAuthentication no

How to install a current version of git to your Ubuntu machine

As described by the linked Stackoverflow answer, run these commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:git-core/ppa -y
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install git
git --version

This will get you Git 2.6.4 (as of Dec 2015).


If you don't have add-apt-repository yet, install it with:

sudo apt-get install python-software-properties software-properties-common

How to send HTTP requests using cURL

  • Reading a URL via GET:

  • Defining any HTTP method (like POST or PUT):

    curl -XPUT
  • Sending data with a request:

    curl -d"first_name=Bruce&last_name=Wayne"

    If you use -d and do not set an HTTP request method it automatically defaults to POST.

  • Performing basic authentication:

  • All together now:

    curl -XPUT -d"screen_name=batman"

How to pair a Bose Quiet Comfort 35 with your Ubuntu computer

You need to disable "Bluetooth low energy", then follow these core steps:

1) Make sure the headphones are in pairing mode.
2) Pair with System Settings > Bluetooth
3) Select & test the headphones in System Settings > Sound. Choose High Fidelity Playback (A2DP Sink).

I also had to install a package with sudo apt-get install pulseaudio-module-bluetooth and load it with pactl load-module module-bluetooth-discover. Put the latter command into ~/.bashrc or you'll need to run it after each boot.


  • <…

PSA: Umlauts are not always what they seem to be

When you have a string containing umlauts which don't behave as expected (are not matched with a regexp, can't be found with an SQL query, do not print correctly on LaTeX documents, etc), you may be encountering umlauts which are not actually umlaut characters.

They look, depending on the font, like their "real" umlaut counterpart:

  • ä ↔ ä
  • ö ↔ ö
  • ü ↔ ü

However, they are not the same:

>> 'ä' == 'ä'
=> false
>> 'ä'.size
=> 1
>> 'ä'.size
=> 2

Looking at how those strings are constructed reveals what is going…

JavaScript: How to query the state of a native Promise

Native promises have no methods to inspect their state.

You can use the promiseState function below to check whether a promise is fulfilled, rejected or still pending:

promiseState(promise, function(state) {
  // `state` now either "pending", "fulfilled" or "rejected"

Note that the callback passed to promiseState will be called asynchronously in the next [microtask](…

External contentRepeats

Helper methods - RSpec Core

You can define methods in any example group using Ruby's def keyword or define_method method. These helper methods are exposed to examples in the group in which they are defined and groups nested within that group, but not parent or sibling groups.


Migrating legacy data into new application

There are many approaches out there how you can import data from a legacy application to a new application. Here is an approach which opens two database connections and uses active record for the legacy system, too:

1. Add you database information to you config/database.yml.

  database: your_application_data_migration

2. Create a separate application record for the data migration, e.g. in app/data_migration/migration_record.rb. You will need to create an app/data_migration.rb class first.

class DataMig…

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