How to install npm packages globally without sudo on Linux

All quoted.

  1. Set up a package root in your homedir to hold the Node "global" packages:

    $ NPM_PACKAGES="$HOME/.npm-packages"
    $ mkdir -p "$NPM_PACKAGES"
    
  2. Set NPM to use this directory for its global package installs:

    $ echo "prefix = $NPM_PACKAGES" >> ~/.npmrc
    
  3. Configure your PATH and MANPATH to see commands in your $NPM_PACKAGES prefix by adding the following to your .bashrc:

    # NPM packages in homedir
    NPM_PACKAGES="$HOME/.npm-packages"
    
    # Tell our environment about user-installed node tools
    PATH="$NPM_PACKAGES/bin:$PATH"
    # Unset manpath so we can inherit from /etc/manpath via the `manpath` command
    unset MANPATH  # delete if you already modified MANPATH elsewhere in your configuration
    MANPATH="$NPM_PACKAGES/share/man:$(manpath)"
    
    # Tell Node about these packages
    NODE_PATH="$NPM_PACKAGES/lib/node_modules:$NODE_PATH"
    

Now when you do an npm install -g, NPM will install the libraries into ~/.npm-packages/lib/node_modules link executable tools into ~/.npm-packages/bin, which is in your PATH.

Dominik Schöler over 2 years ago
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