Browsers support different types of redirects.
Be very careful with these status codes:
301 Moved Permanently
308 Permanent Redirect
Most browsers seem to cache these redirects forever, unless you set different
Cache-Control headers. If you don't have any cache control headers, you can never change them without forcing users to empty their cache.
ByRails sends a header
Cache-Control: max-age=0, private, must-revalidatewith all responses, including redirects. That means redirects are never cached by browsers.
You do need to pay attention if you redirect outside of Rails, e.g. via your web server configuration.
The only fix is to keep redirecting the user to the correct page, so if you had
flowchart LR /page1--301-->/page2
but you want
flowchart LR /page1--301-->/page3
your only fix is to change it to
flowchart LR /page1--301-->/page2 /page2--301-->/page3
This means that
/page2 will become unusable as its own page.
Note that a
301 with an explicit expiry via
Cache-Control is fine, and might be preferred for SEO purposes.