How to set up SMTP email delivery with a Gmail account

If you want to make your Rails application be capable of sending SMTP emails, check out the action mailer configuration section Archive in the Ruby on Rails guide.

TL;DR you will end up having an smtp_settings hash that looks something like this:

smtp_settings = {
  address: ...,
  domain: ...,
  port: ...,
  user_name: ...,
  password: ...,
  authentication: ...,
  tls: ...,
  enable_starttls_auto: ...,
}

This hash can be set as the delivery_method in your environment or individually applied to an email generated in your mailer:

# production.rb:
Rails.application.configure do
  config.action_mailer.delivery_method = :smtp
  config.action_mailer.smtp_settings = smtp_settings
end

# test_mailer.rb
def test_mail
  mail(to: 'mail@example.com', subject: 'Subject').delivery_method.settings.merge!(smtp_settings)
end

Configuring SMTP with a Google account

These is an example configuration you can use to test if mail delivery works in your application:

smtp_settings {
  address: 'smtp.gmail.com',
  domain: 'smtp.gmail.com',
  port: 587,
  user_name: 'your_email@google.com',
  password: 'google_app_password',
  authentication: 'login',
  tls: false,
  enable_starttls_auto: true,
}

If you are using Google with 2FA, you still can deliver mails

The solution for SMTP mail delivery from a google account with two factor authentication is described here Archive . You basically create a password that bypasses your security efforts. So make sure that you DONT GIVE IT AWAY, Google also suggests you to not write it down, etc.

Jakob Scholz almost 2 years ago
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