Use the PDF toolkit:
sudo apt-get install pdftk
To rotate page 1 by 90 degrees clockwise:
pdftk in.pdf cat 1E output out.pdf # old pdftk pdftk in.pdf cat 1east output out.pdf # new pdftk
To rotate all pages clockwise:
pdftk in.pdf cat 1-endE output out.pdf # old pdftk pdftk in.pdf cat 1-endeast output out.pdf # new pdftk
E (old pdftk) or
east (new pdftk) is meaningful if you want other rotations. From the
The page rotation setting can cause pdftk to rotate pages and documents.
Each option sets the page rotation as follows (in degrees): north: 0, east: 90, south: 180, west: 270, left: -90, right: +90, down: +180. left, right, and down make relative adjustments to a page's rotation.