GPG: Extract private key and import on different machine

After extending the expiry date of a GPG key you might have to copy your key to another machine to use the same key there. Here is how:

  1. Identify your private key:

    gpg --list-secret-keys user@example.com
    

    Example output:

    pub   4096R/ABC12345 2020-01-01 [expires: 2025-12-31]
    uid                  Your Name <user@example.com>
    sub   4096R/DEF67890 2020-01-01 [expires: 2025-12-31]
    

    Remember the ID of your key (second column, after the slash, e.g. "ABC12345"). If you have a "sub" entry, you can ignore it.

  2. Run this command to export your key:

    gpg --export-secret-keys YOUR_ID_HERE > private.key
    
  3. Copy the key file to the other machine using a secure transport (scp is your friend).

  4. To import, run

    gpg --import private.key
    

    If the key already existed on the second machine, the import will fail saying "Key already known".
    To force import, you will have to delete both the private and public key first (gpg --delete-keys and gpg --delete-secret-keys)

Enigmail / GnuPG v2

Note that you probably also have gpg2 on your system which is backwards-compatible with gpg, but seems to manage a separate list of keys. When using Thunderbird with Enigmail, note that it uses version 2 and may be unable to see your private key after importing. To fix that, run

gpg2 --import private.key

Restart Thunderbird afterwards.

Thomas Eisenbarth almost 6 years ago
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